Cancers of the gastrointestinal tract represent a large proportion of all solid tumours, and may originate from the colon-rectum, oesophagus, stomach, liver, pancreas and biliary tract. Successful treatment of these tumours requires an integrated approach, involving professionals from various disciplines.
The IOSI is recognised worldwide as an institute of excellence for the treatment of lymphomas. The Lymphoma Unit is dedicated to the treatment of neoplasms of the lymphatic system. A team of experienced physicians ensures rapid treatment, the organisation of the examinations necessary for the initial staging of the lymphoma, and the initiation of the most appropriate therapy.
Multiple myeloma and plasma cell neoplasms
For the specific treatment of multiple myeloma, international recommendations are applied and the most up-to-date drugs are applied, partly in the context of clinical studies.
The treatment approach is often multimodal and may involve the services of interventional radiology, radio-oncology, orthopaedics or nephrology services, depending on the clinical problem.
These are cancers that develop in the uterus, ovaries, tubes, more rarely, vulva and vagina. The prognosis of patients has improved significantly in the last decade thanks to increased knowledge of molecular biology and the application of a multidisciplinary approach, with the concomitant or sequential use of surgery, radiotherapy and medical therapy.
Sarcomas are rare connective tissue tumours. They often affect the locomotory system (e.g. bones, joints and muscles). In the past, their treatment involved major amputations. Today, often they can be treated whilst preserving the limbs, thanks to high-tech surgical techniques and multidisciplinary treatments, including radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
Melanomas and non-melanoma skin cancers
The group deals with the treatment of patients with malignant melanoma both at an early stage, prescribing the initial therapy and any postoperative therapies, and at an advanced stage of the disease, using more complex pharmacological therapies. The group makes use of the expertise of the EOC Dermatology Service at the San Giovanni Hospital for dermatological treatment and monitoring, and the Surgery Service for surgical resection procedures.
The mission of the Centre for Neuro-Oncology, is to treat patients with tumours of the nervous system, particularly brain tumours, and to play an active role in the research of this field. It is a multidisciplinary team of specialists in the following areas: Neurosurgery, Neurology, Neuro-Oncology, Nuclear Medicine, Radio-Oncology and Neuro-Radiology.
The main purpose of the Pediatric Hemato-Oncology Department is to treat acute and chronic benign hematologic diseases in pediatric patients, as well as all the usual oncologic diseases of this age group. The department is also available for external consultations requested by local pediatricians in these areas. The service is active only at the San Giovanni Hospital in Bellinzona and is integrated in a department of the Pediatric Institute of Southern Switzerland.